This study sheds new light on the ques-tion of what has happened to religion and spirituality since the 1960s. It presents a theory of religious-secular competition and distinguishes four ways of being religious/ secular: ‘institu-tional’, ‘alternative’, ‘distanced’ and ‘secular’. The authors show how and why these forms have emerged as a result of religious-secular competition and describe in what ways all four forms are adapted to the current, individua-lized society.
Stolz, J., Könemann, J., Schneuwly Purdie, M., Englberger, T., & Krüggeler, M. (2015).
(Un)Believing in modern society. Religion, spirituality, and religious-secular competition.
Farnham: Ashgate.ISBN: 978-1-4724-6128-5